Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 39-44
The Effects of Sida corymbosa Leaf Extract Against Abnormal Bilirubin and Total Protein in Albino Rats by Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4)
Dike Charles Chijioke, Department of Human Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria
Ezeonu Francis Chukwuemeka, Department of Applied Biochemistry, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
Maduka Hugh Clifford Chima, Department of Human Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria
Ezeokafor Emmanuel Nonso, Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria
Okpogba Aloysius Ngozika, Department of Human Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria
Oguazu Chinenye Enoch, Department of Applied Biochemistry, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
Eyeghre Onoriode Akpoghene, Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria
Asebioyo Sunday Jacob, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria
Received: Jan. 30, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 13, 2020;       Published: Jun. 15, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jdmp.20200602.12      View  276      Downloads  58
Abstract
The Sida corymbosa plant has been used for centuries in traditional medicine in different countries for prevention and treatment of different diseases such as liver and cardiac diseases. This work aimed at investigating if Sida corymbosa ethanolic leaf extract has preventive and therapeutic effects against abnormal serum bilirubin and total protein in Albino rats by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). This study took place at Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State. The rats were grouped into those given 5000, 3000 and 1000 mg/kgbw of the extract before and after CCl4 administration from 7 d to 28 d, those injected CCl4 only which stayed from 7 d to 28 d and those without CCl4 and extract. Male Albino rats weighing 170-190 g were used. Injection of CCl4 (0.4 ml/kgbw i.p) was done using olive as vector before and after oral administration of the Sida corymbosa extract. Serum bilirubin was estimated using Powel’s method while serum total protein was estimated using the Biuret method. Results were analyzed statistically using SPSS statistical software version 21. Analysis done so far revealed that serum bilirubin of rats injected CCl4 without extract administration (negative control) was significantly higher (P<0.05) than other groups, those administered 5000, 3000 and 1000 mg/kgbw of extract before and after CCl4 injection and those without CCl4 nor extract (positive control). The reverse was the case for serum total protein, suggesting protective and therapeutic potentials of the extract. Sida corymbosa ethanolic leaf extract may, therefore, has some protective and therapeutic effects against abnormal serum bilirubin and total protein synthesis in Albino rats by CCl4 thereby improving the liver function.
Keywords
Bilirubin level, Total Protein Determination, Administration of Sida corymbosa, Carbon Tetrachloride Administration
To cite this article
Dike Charles Chijioke, Ezeonu Francis Chukwuemeka, Maduka Hugh Clifford Chima, Ezeokafor Emmanuel Nonso, Okpogba Aloysius Ngozika, Oguazu Chinenye Enoch, Eyeghre Onoriode Akpoghene, Asebioyo Sunday Jacob, The Effects of Sida corymbosa Leaf Extract Against Abnormal Bilirubin and Total Protein in Albino Rats by Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4), Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 39-44. doi: 10.11648/j.jdmp.20200602.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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